Archive | February, 2011

8_easy TEE PEE japanesey

27 Feb

Not much to say… just that it´s a teepe and it´s very easy!

© 2011 Fernanda de Uriarte

This is an easy one; it´ll take you about 15 minutes the first time and less than 5 every time you want to set your tee pee up again.

You´ll need:

_3 broomsticks (or 19mm pine dowels) they should be about 1.20m high.

_ 1 rubber band

_ A piece of fabric 1.50m wide x 2m long.

_ 5 ribbons 60 cm long.

_ Thread, needle, scissors.

How to make it:

1. Fold the fabric in half. Sew a few stitches about 6 cm from one of the folded edges, on the side perpendicular to the fold (check the picture below)

2. Spread the sticks as if making a tripod.

3. Tie the 3 broomsticks together with the rubber band. Place the rubber band about 15cm. from the top.

4. Pass the top of each broomstick through the space you just made in the fabric. Fix the fabric so that it covers each stick.

© 2011 Fernanda de Uriarte

5. You´ll have a lot of fabric left at the front. Sew 2 ribbons, facing each other on the edges of the fabric, halfway down. Sew 2 more near the bottom. This will make the door of the tee pee.

6. You can sew another ribbon at the top of the fabric to help hold it to the sticks and cover the rubber band.

© 2011 Fernanda de Uriarte

Done! You can close it or tie the ribbons to the broom sticks and leave it open. It´s really easy to take down and set it up again and again and again.

Try it day and night…

© 2011 Fernanda de Uriarte

Enjoy!

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7_Mud bakery

20 Feb

Who said you need eggs and flour to make cakes?


Fernanda de Uriarte ©2011

Making time: about an hour and all the time you want to spend making mud cakes!

To make 4 mud cake molds you´ll need:

_ 4 x A4 sheets of polypropylene of different colours to make it more fun. (It´s the kind of plastic used as cover in bindings and some files and notebooks)

_ Download and print these files:

loaf

cupcake

largecupcake

doghnut

_ Scissors.

_ Cutter or exacto knife.

_ Ruler.

_ Cutting mat (or a surface where you can cut with the cutter or knife).

_ Glue stick.

_ A small tube of all purpose UHU glue (the yellow one).

_ A pin or needle.

How to make:

1. Download and print the files and roughly cut them using your scissors.

2. Use your glue stick to stick one shape in each sheet of polypropylene.

3. Cut and mark the lines as indicated in the key with your cutter or exacto knife.

– Red continuous lines are for cutting.

– Dotted lines should only be marked: Pass the blade once or twice without cutting all the way through the sheet. This will allow you to easily fold the material.

4. Where you find blue dotted lines, it means you have to mark on the back side of your polypropylene sheet and fold towards the front. Use a pin or needle to mark both ends of each of these lines on the shape you glued to the sheet. Now turn the sheet around and should be able to see a series of dots indicating where to mark the line. Remember not to cut all the way through the other side.


Fernanda de Uriarte ©2011

5. Once the shapes are cut and marked, fold them as indicated  (black dotted lines fold towards the back, blue dotted lines fold towards the front.)

6. Put a drop of UHU in each tag and spread it. Put UHU and fold one shape at a time.

7. When you´re folding the doughnut, it´s easier if you fold and stick the middle piece first and then the bigger shape. Note how the tags of the smaller piece fold towards the front.

Fernanda de Uriarte©2011

8. You might need to hold the shapes in their place for a little while, just to allow for the glue to dry.

9. Done! now go outside and fill the molds with mud. Get some leaves, flowers or berries to decorate your cakes.

Fernanda de Uriarte ©2011

 

Fernanda de Uriarte©2011

You can also try adding some water and pressing the mud into the molds, then turning them upside down and removing the molds; just as if you were making sand castles. Try making sand cakes as well!

Enjoy, and please don´t eat the cakes!

6_Alebrushkas

13 Feb

What do you get if you mix Alebrijes (wooden or papier mâché fantastical Mexican creatures) with Matrushkas (or matroyshkas or nesting Rusian dolls)?  ALEBRUSHKAS!

Fernanda de Uriarte (c) 2011

This is the most challenging post so far. It´s not that hard to make but requires some patience and skill. There´s also some waiting time between layers of paper and paint so I can´t give you a precise making time but I can tell you it will take a few days; maybe one hour work for about 6 days. But be patient… you`ll have fun and the results are totally worth it!

You`ll need:

_ 4 different sizes of styrofoam balls. Mine are about 9, 7, 6 and 4 cm in diameter.

_ Tin foil.

_ Paper for recycling (maybe an old newspaper, printer paper, a discarded activity book, etc). It´s a good idea to have 2 kinds so that you can make the difference between one layer and the next.

_Water based all purpose glue.

_ Water based paints (coloured and black)

_2 brushes (one for the glue and one for the paint)

_2 small plastic containers (one to rinse your brush after you paint, the other one to make a water-glue solution).

_ A small hacksaw (ATTENTION KIDS! This is to be used by adults only!)

_ Flat screw driver.

_ Scissors.

_ Ruler.

_ Pencil and black felt tip pen or medium marker.

There are many steps involved in the making of Alebrushkas, so before I go to the usual step-by-step list, I`ll give you a quick summary of what we´ll do:

We´ll use the styrofoam balls as moulds to make 3 hollow spheres and a solid one. We´ll cover each ball with several layers of paper using a water-glue solution; then we´ll cut the 3 larger balls in half and remove the styrofoam to make them hollow. We´ll add a “ribbon” of paper to one half of each ball so that they can be closed again, to make them like boxes. When all the layering and cutting and closing back again is done, we´ll move to painting and finally decorating the spheres.

So here we go:

1. Cover the 3 larger styrofoam balls with tin foil. This is to prevent the paper sticking to the balls so that we can separate the styrofoam from the completed papier maché spheres when we want to make them hollow.

2. Cut or tear your recycling paper into small squares, about 2.5×2.5cm. Don´t worry, they don´t have to be perfect, this is just to give you an idea.

3. On one of your containers, mix 50 ml of water with about the same amount of glue. We don´t want the mix to be either too thick or too runny. If it´s too thick it will dry too quickly and won´t give you time to complete the layers; it will also be too hard to cut in the end. If it´s too runny, it won´t be sticky enough and it will take ages to dry up. When you put your brush into the mix and take it out again, you should not see drops but a “string” of the mix coming down, at least for a moment.

4. For the first layer of each ball, we´re going to use glue without water. Cover a small portion of the ball with a thin layer of glue and start sticking the pieces of paper. Keep adding glue and paper until you´ve  covered the whole surface of the ball. Try to make it as smooth as possible. Cover all 4 balls.

5. Use the water-glue mix for the following layers. Add some of the mix and start sticking paper. It´s a good idea to put some of the glue on top of the pieces of paper as well; this will help you stick all the pieces together and make the surface smoother. You can do this with a brush or using your fingers; I find it easier with my fingers (and more fun too!) Remember to alternate the kind of paper you´re using for every layer; this will help you tell the difference between one and the other and make sure it´s all even.

6. Add 3 layers to each ball (including the first one) and let them dry for at least 4 hours. Good thing about this time of year is that you can leave the spheres to  dry close to your radiator.

7. The smallest ball will be ready with just 3 layers. The 2 medium sized balls need 6 and the largest needs at least 8 but an extra layer wouldn´t hurt. Remember to add 3 layers a time and leave to dry. I recommend that you use white paper for the last layer, this will make it easier for the paint to cover the surface evenly. (trust me! I didn´t use white as the last layer and it took several layers of paint to cover whatever was printed on the paper.)

Fernanda de Uriarte (c) 2011

2 or 3 days later….it´s time to cut the spheres open. REMEMBER NOT TO CUT THE SMALLEST ONE!

8.  First of all we need to mark a line around the middle of each sphere. Find an object that is almost half as high as one of the spheres and attach a pen or pencil horizontally to it. The tip of the pen should be the same height as the “equator” of your sphere. Now hold the sphere close to the tip of the pen and make it rotate on it´s axis; as you do this, the pen should be drawing a line along the “equator” of the sphere. Repeat this step for the other 2 spheres.

9. Pick a spot along the line you just drew and make a mark on each side of it, for example 2 arrows pointing at each other. This will help you find the right way to close the balls back once you´ve cut them.

10. THIS STEP IS FOR ADULTS ONLY. Using the hacksaw cut each sphere along the “equator” line you marked. It´s not necessary that you cut all the way through the styrofoam, cutting the paper is enough to detach the pieces.

Fernanda de Uriarte (c) 2011

11. You might need the help of  a flat screwdriver to separate the paper halves from the styrofoam balls. Be carefull not to damage the paper.

12. Repeat steps 10 and 11 to cut the other 2 spheres open. Remove the tin foil from inside all the pieces.

13. We want the spheres to close back again so that they can contain the others. On an A4 piece of paper, cut several 8 strips of paper 2 cm wide. Cut 3 more just 1 cm wide.  These need to be neat so be sure to measure right and cut in straight lines.

14. Draw a line, 5mm from the edge, across the length of each strip (the line will be in the middle of the 1cm wide ones) and cut tabs all along the strips. The tabs should go on the wider side of  the line on the 2cm wide strips of paper.

15. Take one half of each sphere. Using glue without water, stick one of the strips of paper around the inside of each one, making sure the 5mm section sticks out. Use the thiner strips for the smallest sphere of the 3.

16. Layer up a couple more strips on each sphere, this time using the water-glue mix, and leave to dry.

Fernanda de Uriarte (c) 2011

the following day…   You should be able to open and close all the spheres and keep one inside the other.

17. You can start painting now! I chose red, blue, green and yellow to paint the outside of the spheres. You might need more than one layer for the colour to look even. Make sure you leave enough time between one layer and the next for the paint to dry.

18. Paint the inside of the spheres too. I chose black.

Fernanda de Uriarte (c) 2011

19. Once all the paint is dry and even, use your pencil to draw the face and details of your Alebrushkas. How about a food chain? or big fish eats little fish? could it be dad, mom and 2 kids… or maybe Goldilocks and the 3 bears? or perhaps some fantastical creatures from your dreams. The point is to use your imagination and have fun!

20. When you like how your design looks like, use a black marker to draw on top of the pencil. You could add more detail with colour paint.

Fernanda de Uriarte (c) 2011

DONE!

I hope you have as much fun as I did…

5_circular-modular-regular-spectacular…

6 Feb

Who would have thought that a bunch of circles could be that fun!

Fernanda de Uriarte (c) 2011

Making time: 2-2.5 hours (depending on how fast you are with scissors and how many circles you cut)

I made 20 large, 5 medium and 15 small circles. For this many circles you’ll need:
_ 2xA4 or 1xA3 sheets of cardboard. Make sure it’s about 1mm thick. (much thinner wont be hard enough, much thicker will be too hard to cut)

_A circle cutter or a compass or 3 different sizes of circular objects to help you draw the different circles. (My circles are about 7cm, 4.5cm and 2.5cm in diameter. )

_Ruler, scissors and cutter.

_Pencil and fine liner or felt tip pen.

How to make your modular pieces:

1. Start by drawing the larger circles.

2. Fill the remaining space with medium and small sized circles.

3. Cut all the circles with your scissors. (If you have a circle cutter, you can skip the drawing steps).

4. We need to make some slits to the circles so that they can be inserted into each other. Take 1 circle of  the small and medium sized circles and 2 of the largest and find the centre.

5. With your fine liner, draw a line that goes from the centre to one of the extremes of the smallest and one of the largest circles. These lines will be one slit in each circle.

6. On the medium sized circle, draw a concentric circle the size of the smallest circle.

7. Still in the medium sized circle, draw a line that goes from one edge to the other and passes through the centre. Now draw another line that also passes through the centre and is perpendicular to the first line. You should have something that looks like a cross with a circle in the middle.

8. Use the fine liner to mark the sections of the cross that go from the edge of the inner circle to the edge of the outer circle. We’ll have 4 slits in this circle. (check the image below to see the how all this should look like).

9. Repeat steps 6 to 8 on the largest circle, only this time instead of 4 slits we’re going to have 8. You can also check how this will look like on the image below.

Fernanda de Uriarte (c) 2011

10. Now that you’ve drawn all the lines on the circles we can open the slits. We need to make 2 cuts per slit, one on each side of the lines you drew with the fine liner.

11. Use the cutter to cut the inner edge of the line. Now you should have an open slit. ATTENTION KIDS! ASK AN ADULT TO HELP YOU WITH THIS STEP.

12. Once you’ve cut the slits off the 4 circles, you can use them as templates to mark the rest of the circles.  I made all the small and medium circles the same but cut  1 slit on half of the large ones and 8 slits on the other half. This gives more options when playing with the circles.

13. Cut all the slits and done!!! This can be a little tricky and time consuming but be patient… it’s worth it!

Fernanda de Uriarte (c) 2011

You can start building now! What you make is up to you…

Fernanda de Uriarte (c) 2011

You can also different sizes or even shapes, how about squares! Why not draw on top of each shape and give what you build a little more personality?

Use your imagination!